Linux story is not just about technology development, it is also what it means for a community and what the business is becoming. Linux kernel grew under a new deal of a collaborative effort investment and sharing the technological return; somehow a rebellious mood to push back against the exclusionary and closed systems. Overall it is a major paradigm shift how a business is conduct because this is a project that demonstrates that cooperation can be useful in developing platforms.
There is an interesting talk of Yochai Benkler on the new open-source economics having his thesis that huge cost of developing a product will ultimately lead to a social production with the ownership of the capital largely distributed is different to the well known methods (market and governmental ). Furthermore Benkler says in his Coase’s Penguin, or Linux and the Nature of the Firm paper:
In this paper I explain that while free software is highly visible, it is in fact only one example of a much broader social-economic phenomenon. I suggest that we are seeing is the broad and deep emergence of a new, third mode of production in the digitally networked environment. I call this mode “commons-based peer-production,” to distinguish it from the property- and contract-based models of firms and markets. Its central characteristic is that groups of individuals successfully collaborate on large-scale projects following a diverse cluster of motivational drives and social signals, rather than either market prices or managerial commands.
Thanks to Alun Williams I found an interesting 2009 report on Linux Kernel Development revealing facts on “How Fast it is Going, Who is Doing It, What They are Doing, and Who is Sponsoring It”
The top five individual companies sponsoring Linux kernel contributions include:
* 12.3% Red Hat
* 7.6% IBM
* 7.6% Novell
* 5.3% Intel
* 2.4% Oracle
WHY COMPANIES SUPPORT LINUX KERNEL DEVELOPMENT
The list of companies participating in Linux kernel development includes many of the most
successful technology firms in existence. None of these companies are supporting Linux
development as an act of charity; in each case, these companies find that improving the kernel
helps them to be more competitive in their markets. Some examples:
• Companies like IBM, Intel, SGI, MIPS, Freescale, HP, Fujitsu, etc. are all working to ensure that Linux
runs well on their hardware. That, in turn, makes their offerings more attractive to Linux users, resulting
in increased sales.
• Distributors like Red Hat, Novell, and MontaVista have a clear interest in making Linux as capable as it can
be. Though these firms compete strongly with each other for customers, they all work together to make the
Linux kernel better.
• Companies like Sony, Nokia, and Samsung ship Linux as a component of products like video cameras,
television sets, and mobile telephones. Working with the development process helps these companies
ensure that Linux will continue to be a solid base for their products in the future.
• Companies which are not in the information technology business can still find working with Linux
beneficial. The 2.6.25 kernel included an implementation of the PF_CAN network protocol which was
contributed by Volkswagen. 2.6.30 had a patch from Quantum Controls BV, which makes navigational
devices for yachts. These companies find Linux to be a solid platform upon which to build their products;
they contribute to the kernel to help ensure that Linux continues to meet their needs into the future. No
other operating system gives this power to influence future development to its users.
There are a number of good reasons for companies to support the Linux kernel. As a result, Linux has a broad
base of support which is not dependent on any single company. Even if the largest contributor were to cease
participation tomorrow, the Linux kernel would remain on a solid footing with a large and active development
It took personal volunteering until gained weight and height, into becoming an attractor factor. Quite our days a snowball effect. Why? There is the resultant of rising cost of design of adding more and more complex platform features and the price squeeze which will lead commercial companies to rally with the open source phenomena as the last is less driven by the market.
On this token there is an interesting position in Collaboration is the way out of a crisis, says TSMC – IEF 2009 which reflects the mood to reinvent of the industries:
“It has to be made more profitable”, said Marced, “and it can only be done by collaboration. We have to make sure that the whole industry makes more money.”
Marced argued that collaboration reduces waste and shares investment while individual efforts lead to redundant initiatives and heavier investment.
There is also the 2008 revision for those interested in some sort of history snapshot reference of the Linux kernel development.